Wednesday, 19 August 2020

World Mosquito Day: History, Facts and Importance

World Mosquito Day 2020

World Mosquito Day 2020

World Mosquito Day is observed on 20th August, each year. World Mosquito Day 2020 is celebrated to remind the discovery of the connection between mosquitoes and deadly diseases like Malaria transmitted by them. World Mosquito Day is celebrated to raise awareness about the causes of diseases and its symptoms so that people are careful by doing the needful to stop mosquito breeding. This day is important when it comes to controlling and preventing malaria all around the world.

There are lots of diseases that transmitted by Mosquitos. We have name of some diseases that are mosquito-borne are:

  • Malaria
  • Dengue
  • Chikungunya
  • Yellow Fever
  • Encephalitis
  • Zika
  • West Nile Virus

What is the History of World Mosquito Day?

World Mosquito Day is celebrated on the 20 August, for the remembrance of a British doctor, Sir Ronald Ross's, who discover that 'female mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans' in 1897. The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine coordinates World Mosquito Day celebrations annually since the 1930s. As the name suggests, the day intends to raise awareness regarding what all causes diseases spread by mosquito and ways to prevent it. Parties and exhibitions are conducted to initiate conversations and discussions regarding malaria, and also to pay tribute to Sir Ross and many other scientists who worked after him on this issue.

After dissecting mosquitoes, Ross discovered the malaria parasite in the stomach wall of the mosquito. Researching further using malarious birds, Ross was able to determine the full life cycle of the malarial parasite, including its existence in the mosquito’s salivary glands. Ross reasserted that malaria is transmitted from infected birds to healthy ones by the bite of a mosquito, a discovery that suggested the disease’s mode of transmission to humans.

Some Intresting Facts on Mosquito

  • There are around 3,500 species of mosquitoes in the world.
  • Only female mosquitoes bites for blood. Male mosquitoes make do just fine with plants, because females need a blood meal before they can lay eggs.
  • The female’s saliva contains an anti-coagulant that lets her more easily suck up her meal.
  • Females mosquitoes lay their eggs in shallow water or even damp soil that’s prone to flooding.
  • The best time to avoid mosquitoes is in the afternoon, when temperatures are hottest and the insects rest in cooler spots.
  • According to prevention list of Centers for Disease Control DEET, Picaridin, Oil of Lemon Eucalyptus (or its synthetic version, called PMD) and IR3535, are only four chemicals as being effective for repelling mosquitoes
  • Mosquitoes are attracted to the carbon dioxide, lactic acid and octenol found in our breath and sweat, and they also sense the heat and humidity that surrounds our bodies.
  • Some scientists think that eliminating mosquitoes wouldn’t be such a bad thing. Others aren’t so sure, though, and worry about the effects on the ecosystem of the loss of an insect that is eaten by spiders, salamanders, frogs, fish and other insects.
  • Each year malaria infects around 250 million people in the world and kills about one million, mostly children in Africa.

How to Celebrate World Mosquito Day?

  • Spend the day by reading about the work done by the scientist on this issue.
  • Read out some intresting facts about mosquitoes.
  • Raise awareness about World Mosquito Day by sharing such articles.
  • Learn about prevention that should take to avoid the diseases spread by Mosquitoes.

So, this is all about today's special day. Don't miss any special day.

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